Scarify seed and sow indoors 8-10 weeks before last frost. Keep at 35-40°F for two weeks, then at about 70°F.
Direct sow in earliest spring or fall.
WHEN TO SET OUTSIDE
Set in the ground in spring after all danger of frost has passed, or in early autumn.
PLACEMENT & CULTIVATION
False Indigo is native to North America and attracts butterflies and bees. Since it is somewhat toxic, it is also deer and rabbit resistant, making it an excellent selection for naturalized borders, cottage gardens, or even more refined, formal settings. Shear by 1/3 after bloom to regrow bushy foliage for the rest of the season, or keep full size to enjoy the large seed pods. Caution: all parts contain some toxic elements.
Baptisias develop deep taproots and once fully established in 2-3 years, little additional water is needed.
Prefers slightly acidic pH levels. Do not apply lime.
While Baptisia does well even in soils lacking fertility, it is helpful to provide an organic balanced fertilizer or a layer of compost in early spring
Diseases & Pests:
No major pests or diseases. If insect or fungal problems arise, treat with neem once per week until the problem is resolved.
When to Cut for Bouquets:
Harvest when florets are 1/3 open.