Surface to just cover.
Direct sow 3-4 weeks before last spring frost and resow in mid-July for bloom starting in early fall. In warmer winter areas (zones 8-10) sow in fall to winter.
PLACEMENT & CULTIVATION
Native to Italy, this charming small flower looks remarkably like baby snapdragons. Toadflax is a superb early summer garden edger and container annual to sow in early spring. It blooms all season long in areas where summer nights cool to the high 50s or lower 60s. Shear lightly if bloom flags or resow mid-July for fall flowering. Beneficial insects, bees, and butterflies create a hive of activity around them, drawn to the abundant nectar-filled and pollen-rich flower spikes.
Keep evenly moist until well-established, then water during dry spells.
Mix in a few inches of compost or some granular fertilizer prior to planting.
Diseases & Pests:
If aphids appear, hose plants down daily until the pests are not longer present.
When to Cut for Bouquets:
Cut when 1/2 of the florets are open.