Surface to just cover.
Direct sow 3-4 weeks before last spring frost, fall to winter in zones 8-10.
PLACEMENT & CULTIVATION
Native to Italy, this charming small flower looks remarkably like baby snapdragons. Toadflax is a superb early summer garden edger and container annual that is sown early spring. It blooms all season long in areas where summer nights cool to the high 50s, lower 60s. Beneficial insects, bees, and butterflies create a hive of activity around them, drawn to the abundant nectar and pollen-rich flower spikes.
Keep evenly moist until well-established, then water during dry spells.
Mix in a few inches of compost or some granular fertilizer prior to planting.
Diseases & Pests:
If aphids appear, hose plants down daily until the pests are not longer present.
When to Cut for Bouquets:
1/2 of the florets opened