WHEN TO SET OUTSIDE
Set in the ground when a light frost is still possible in early spring, or in late summer to early autumn.
PLACEMENT & CULTIVATION
A beautiful native flower, Helenium or sneezeweed, is found in wet meadows and along sunny pond edges. It seamlessly transitions to humus-rich soil in borders, where its bright flowers enliven midsummer and fall gardens and pair beautifully with grasses. Cut back in early June to promote additional branching and flowering and a more manageable size that will not need staking. Deadhead, if desired, for extended bloom, or allow the seedheads to add interest to late fall and winter gardens. Deer-resistant, it attracts butterflies, bees, and beneficial insects and is a host plant for some butterfly caterpillars. Divide every 3-4 years. Caution: contains some toxic elements.
Keep moist—water regularly and do not allow soil to dry out.
Does best in slightly acidic to neutral soils, but will tolerate most pH levels.
Mix in a balanced organic fertilizer when planting and topdress with an inch of compost in spring. Too much fertilizer will cause plants to grow too tall.
Diseases & Pests:
No major pests or diseases. Occasional mildew or rust problems can be prevented by dividing every few years to allow for enough air flow.
When to Cut for Bouquets:
Cut when flowers 3/4 to fully open.